What are the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)?

06th January 2022
As explained by United Nations Foundation, “The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are the world’s shared plan to end extreme poverty, reduce inequality, and protect the planet by 2030.” The SDGs, also referred to as the Global Goals, are 17 goals with 169 targets that all United Nations (UN) Member States have agreed to work towards achieving by the year 2030. They are a guide for the world to address global challenges facing the international community and are an urgent call for action to be taken by all countries - developed and developing - in a global partnership. The 17 goals cover all three pillars of sustainability: environment, economic and social.
Sustainable Development Goals The 17 SDGs:

Goal 1: No Poverty

End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Goal 2: Zero Hunger

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

Goal 3: Good Health and Well-being

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

Goal 4: Quality Education

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

Goal 5: Gender Equality

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

Goal 6: Clean Water and Sanitation

Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

Goal 7: Affordable and Clean Energy

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

Goal 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth

Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

Goal 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities

Reduce income inequality within and among countries

Goal 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Goal 13: Climate Action

Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts by regulating emissions and promoting developments in renewable energy

Goal 14: Life Below Water

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

Goal 15: Life on Land

Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

Goal 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels

Goal 17: Partnerships for the Goals

Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development   The SDGs build on decades of work by countries and the UN. If you would like to learn more about how the SDGs evolved click here.
References: United Nations, The 17 Goals, https://sdgs.un.org/goals, [Accessed 04 January 2022] United Nations Development Programme, The SDGS in action, https://www.undp.org/sustainable-development-goals, [Accessed 04 January 2022] Sengupta, S., 2021 The relevance of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for companies,  https://www.17goalsmagazin.de/en/the-relevance-of-the-sustainable-development-goals-sdgs-for-companies/, [Accessed 04 January 2022]


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